日文單字 (一)

(きたな)jisho

1. dirty; filthy; foul; unclean
2. disordered; messy; untidy; poor (e.g. handwriting)
3. indecent (language, etc.); dirty; vulgar; coarse
4. dastardly; mean; base; underhanded
5. stingy; greedy
I-adjective
Affirmative Negative
Non-past 汚い 汚くない
Past 汚かった 汚くなかった

 

(ひる) (Noun)- jisho

1. noon; midday  See also 御昼

2. daytime  Only applies to 昼Only applies to 晝See also 御昼

3. lunch  Only applies to 昼Only applies to 晝See also 御昼

 

(あま) (Noun)- jisho

Noun, No-adjective
1. remainder; remnant; rest; balance; surplus; remains (of a meal); leftovers  Usually written using kana aloneOnly applies to あまり
Adverb
2. not very; not much Usually written using kana alonewith neg. sentence
それはあまり価値(かち)がない。It’s not worth much.

(なら) (Noun)- jisho

Godan verb with u ending, Transitive verb
1. to take lessons in; to be taught; to learn (from a teacher); to study (under a teacher); to get training in
Godan verb with u ending
Affirmative Negative
Non-past 習う 習わない
Non-past, polite 習います 習いません
Past 習った 習わなかった
Past, polite 習いました 習いませんでした
Te-form 習って 習わなくて
Potential 習える 習えない
Passive 習われる 習われない
Causative 習わせる 習わせない
Causative Passive 習わせられる 習わせられない
Imperative 習え 習うな

() (Noun)- jisho

Godan verb with ru ending, Transitive verb
1. to take; to pick up; to harvest; to earn; to win; to choose
お皿おさらったものは全部ぜんぶべなさい。You’d better eat everything that’s on your plate.
2. to steal  See also 盗る
3. to eat; to have (a meal)See also 摂る
すいぶんをたくさんってください。You should drink a lot of liquid.
4. to remove (one’s glasses, etc.)  also written as 脱る
5. to compete (in sumo, cards, etc.); to play

 




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