The Experimental Generation of Interpersonal Closeness – Appendix 翻譯

friendship - IMG_3604
Photo Credit: N i c o l a, from: friendship – IMG_3604, CC2.0

 

原文:Aron, Arthur, et al. “The experimental generation of interpersonal closeness: A procedure and some preliminary findings.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 23.4 (1997): 363-377.

APPENDIX

說明:(開始實驗前請詳細閱讀說明)

這是一個有關人際關係的研究,而你的任務 ── 我們認為這應該會是一個愉快的體驗 ── 簡而言之就是要親近你的夥伴。我們認為讓你與你的夥伴親近最好的辦法就是讓你們雙方互相分享事情。當然,當我們建議你更為親近你的夥伴時,這個建議僅限於建議你在這個示範裏面的行為而已,我們並沒有要建議你於示範之外的行為。

為了讓你們更為親近,我們將會安排你們兩人進行一種分享遊戲。這個遊戲將會進行約一個小時的時間,結束後我們會請你填表來看看是否有更接近你的夥伴。

你們將會獲得三組題組,每一個題組都有一個題目或任務寫在上面。當你們兩人都看完這個指引,你們應該從 Set I 開始。其中一人應該念出第一個題目然後一起做出任務需求,從念出題目的人開始。當你們兩人都結束後,開始第二個題目 ─ 其中一人念出題目並且一起做出題目要求 …etc.

當你們在作答時,請不要略過任何題目 ─ 依照順序作答。如果題目問你一個問題,請跟你的夥伴分享你的答案,接著讓他與你分享他的答案。如果是一個任務,則先做,做完後讓你的夥伴做。你們兩人應該請交互著念題目(並且作答)。

你們會被告知什麼時候需要移動到下一個題組,有沒有在時間內作答完畢並不重要。在每個問題花上一點時間,根據題目來週全而細膩的作答。

好了,你可以開始作答了!翻到 Set I,第一題。


Task Slips for Closeness-Generating Procedure

Set I

  1. 讓你選擇世界上任何一個人,你會選擇與誰共進晚餐?
    (Given the choice of anyone in the world, whom would you want as a dinner guest?)
  2. 你會想要變得知名嗎?用什麼樣的方式?
    (Would you like to be famous? In what way?)
  3. 在撥打電話前,你有沒有曾經排練過你要說什麼?為什麼?
    (Before making a telephone call, do you ever rehearse what you are going to say? Why?)
  4. 對你而言「美好」的一天是由什麼構成的?
    (What would constitute a “perfect” day for you?)
  5. 你最後一次對自己唱歌是什麼時候?對其他人呢?
    (When did you last sing to yourself? To someone else?)
  6. 如果你能夠活到 90 歲,並且在你人生最後的六十年中,保留你的心智,或肉體,在 30 歲的這個狀況,你會選擇哪個?
    (If you were able to live to the age of 90 and retain either the mind or body of a 30-year-old for the last 60 years of your life, which would you want?)
  7. 你有沒有一個神祕的直覺,告訴你自己會怎麼死掉呢?
    (Do you have a secret hunch about how you will die?)
  8. 說出你跟你的夥伴的三個共通之處。
    (Name three things you and your partner appear to have in common.)
  9. 你的人生之中最讓你感激的一件事情?
    (For what in your life do you feel most grateful?)
  10. 如果你能夠改變你的成長歷程中的任何事情,你想改變什麼?
    (If you could change anything about the way you were raised, what would it be?)
  11. 使用四分鐘的時間告訴你的夥伴你的生命歷程,愈詳細愈好。
    (Take 4 minutes and tell your partner your life story in as much detail as possible.)
  12. 如果隔天起床你能夠得到任意一個人格特質或是能力,這會是什麼?
    (If you could wake up tomorrow having gained any one quality or ability, what would it be?)

    Set II

  13. 如果一個水晶球可以告訴你有關你本身、人生、未來、或是任何一件事情,你希望知道什麼?
    (If a crystal ball could tell you the truth about yourself, your life, the future, or anything else, what would you want to know?)
  14. 有沒有什麼是你已經夢想一段很長的時間想要做的事情?你為什麼還沒有去做?
    (Is there something that you’ve dreamed of doin gfor a long time? Why haven’t you done it?)
  15. 你人生之中最大的成就是什麼?
    (What is the greatest accomplishment of your life?)
  16. 在一段友情中你最重視的是什麼?
    (What do you value most in a friendship?)
  17. 你最珍視的回憶是什麼?
    (What is your most treasured memory?)
  18. 你最糟糕的回憶是什麼?
    (What is your most terrible memory?)
  19. 如果你知道你將在一年後瞬間死亡,你會改你現在的生活方式嗎?為什麼?
    (If you know that in one year you would die suddenly, would you change anything about the way you are now living? Why?)
  20. 友情對你而言是什麼意思?
    (What does friendship mean to you?)
  21. 愛情以及感情對你的人生而言扮演著什麼樣的角色?
    (What roles do love and affection play in your life?)
  22. 分享一個你認為你的夥伴正向的人格特質。分享總共 5 個特點。
    (Alternate sharing something you consider a positive characteristic of you r partner. Share a total of 5 items.)
  23. 你的家庭緊密而溫暖嗎?你覺得你的童年有沒有比其他人還要開心?
    (How close and warm is you family? Do you feel your childhood was happier than most other people’s?)
  24. 你覺得你跟你的母親的關係如何?
    (How do you feel about your relationship with your mother?)

    Set III

  25. 做成 3 個由 “我們” 開頭成立的句子。例如說:”我們都在同一個房間感覺…”
    (Make 3 true “We” statements each. For instance “We are both in this room feeling…”)
  26. 完成這個句子:”我希望有一個人,我可以跟他分享 ……”
    (Complete this sentence: “I wish I had someone with whom I could share…”)
  27. 如果你想要跟你的夥伴變成更親近的朋友,請跟他分享一個他或她應該知道的事情。
    (If you were going to become a close friend with your partner, please share what would be important for hiim or her to know.)
  28. 告訴你的夥伴你喜歡他們什麼地方;這次請誠實的告訴他一些你不會跟第一次見面的人說的話。
    (Tell your partner what you like about them; be very honest this time saying things that you might not say to someone you’ve just met.)
  29. 跟你的夥伴分享一個你人生中難堪的一瞬間。
    (Share with your partner an embarrassing moment in your life.)
  30. 你上一次在別人面前哭是什麼時候?自己哭呢?
    (When did you last cry in front of another person? By yourself?)
  31. 告訴你的夥伴你原本就喜歡他們什麼地方。
    (Tell your partner something that you like about them already.)
  32. 有什麼,如果有的話,是不能開玩笑的事情?
    (What, if anything, is too serious to be joked about?)
  33. 如果你在這個早晨就死掉,而且沒有機會跟任何人溝通,你最懊悔什麼事情沒有告訴某人?為什麼你還沒跟他們說?
    (If you were to die this evening with no opportunity to communicate with anyone, what would you most regret not having told someone? Why haven’t you told them yet?)
  34. 你的房子,裏面有你所有的東西,著火了。你已經把親人以及寵物救了出來,妳還有一點時間救出裏面任何一個物品。那會是什麼?為什麼?
    (Your house, containing everything you own, catches fire. After saving your loved ones and pets, you have time to safely make a final dash to save any one item. What would it be? Why?)
  35. 對於你的家族的所有人,誰的死亡會令你最為煩憂?為什麼?
    (Of all the people in your family, whose death would you find most disturbing? Why?)
  36. 分享一個私人問題然後詢問你的夥伴他或她如何處理它的意見。然後,詢問你的夥伴有關你詢問這個問題的感受。
    (Share a personal problem and ask your partner’s advice on how he or she might handle it. Also, ask your partner to reflect back to you how you seem to be feeling about the problem you have chosen.)

— THE END —


Task Slips for Small-Talk Condition in Study 1

Set I

  1. 你上一次走路超過一個小時是什麼時候?描述你去了那邊,看到了什麼。
    (When was the last time you walked for more than an hour? Describe where you went and what you saw.)
  2. 你收到最好的禮物是什麼,為什麼?
    (What was the best gift you ever received and why?)
  3. 如果你要搬離你目前居住的地方,你會去那邊?你會最想念這個地方的什麼東西?
    (If you had to move from California where would you go, and what would you miss the most about California?)
  4. 妳如何慶祝上一次萬聖節?
    (How did you celebrate last Halloween?)
  5. 你經常閱讀報紙嗎?你都閱讀什麼報紙?為什麼?
    (Do you read a newspaper often and which do you prefer? Why?)
  6. 寄宿家庭應該有多少人才剛好?為什麼?
    (What is a good number of people to have in a student household and why?)
  7. 如果你能夠發明一個新的冰淇淋口味,它會是什麼?
    (If you can invent a new flavor of ice cream, what would it be?)
  8. 上個月之中哪個餐廳是你認為最好的,而且你的夥伴沒有去過?告訴你的夥伴。
    (What is the best restaurant you’ve been to in the last month that your partner hasn’t been to? Tell your partner about it.)
  9. 描述一下最後一個你飼養的寵物。
    (Describe the last pet you owned.)
  10. 哪個假日是你最喜歡的?為什麼?
    (What is your favorite holiday? Why?)
  11. 告訴你的夥伴在你小時候發生過最好笑的一件事情。
    (Tell your partner the funniest thing that ever happened to you when you were with a small child.)
  12. 上個生日你收到什麼樣的禮物?
    (What gifts did you receive on your last birthday?)

    Set II

  13. 描述你最後一次到動物園的經驗。
    (Describe the last time you went to the zoo.)
  14. 說出你的家族的人的名子以及年紀,包括爺奶叔姨舅等,以及他們在那邊出生 (假如你知道這些資訊的話)。
    (Tell the names and ages of your family members, include grandparents, aunts and uncles, and where they were born (to the extent you know this information).)
  15. 其中一人說一個單字,下一個接著最後的一個字母說出另外一個單字。接龍直到超過 50 個單字。任何字都可以 ─ 只要不要接成一個句子。
    (One of you say a word, the next say a word that starts with the last leter of the word just said. Do this until you have said 60 words. Any words will do – you aren’t making a sentence.)
  16. 你喜歡早起還是晚起?有沒有任何因此而引發的好笑的事情?
    (Do you like to get up early or stay up late? Is there anything funny that has resulted from this?)
  17. 你從那邊來的?說出所有你生活過的地方的名子。
    (Where are you from? Name all of the places you’ve lived.)
  18. 你在大學時最喜歡那堂課?為什麼?
    (What is your favorite class at UCSC so far? Why?)
  19. 你這個夏天做了什麼?
    (What did you do this summer.)
  20. 上個聖誕節你收到什麼禮物?
    (What gitfs did you receive last Christmasa/Hanukkah?)
  21. 你最喜歡與你同性的哪個演員?描述這個演員曾經演過哪些你喜歡的戲或電影。
    (Who is your favorite actor of your own gender? Describe a favorite scene in which this person has acted.)
  22. 你對於你的大學的第一印象是什麼?
    (What was your impression of UCSC the first time you ever came here?)
  23. 上個月之中你看過最好看的電視節目而你的夥伴沒看過的是哪個?跟你的夥伴說說。
    (What is the best TV show you’ve seen in the last month that your partner hasn’t seen? Tell your partner about it.)
  24. 哪個假日是你最喜歡的?為什麼?
    (What is your favorite holiday? Why?)

    Set III

  25. 你去哪個高中上課?你的高中看起來像什麼?
    (Where did you go to high school? What was your high school like?)
  26. 前 3 個月你看過最好看的一本書,而你的夥伴沒有看過?告訴你的夥伴。
    (What is the best book you/ve read in the last three months that your partner hasn’t read? Tell your partner about it.)
  27. 哪個外地國家最吸引你去探訪?什麼東西吸引了你?
    (What foreign country would you most like to visit? What attracts you to this place?)
  28. 你會偏好使用電子錶、鐘或是相關戴在手上的東西嗎?為什麼?
    (Do you prefer digital watches and clocks or the kind with hands? Why?)
  29. 描述你的母親的最好的朋友。
    (Describe your mother’s best friend.)
  30. 說明一下人工聖誕樹的好處以及壞處。
    (What are the advantages and disadvantages of artificial Christmas trees?)
  31. 你多久剪一次頭髮?你都去那邊?
    (How often do you get your hair cut? Where do you go?)
  32. 你在小學的時候有過班級寵物嗎?你還記不記得它的名子?
    (Do you have a class pet when you were in elementary school? Do you remember the pet’s name?)
  33. 你認為左手慣用的人有比右手慣用的人更富有創意嗎?
    (Do you think left-handed people are more creative than right-handed people?)
  34. 你最後一次觀賞音樂會是什麼?你有那個團體的多少張 CD? 你之前有看過他們嗎?在那邊?
    (What is the last concert you saw? How may of that band’s albums do you own? Had you seen them before? Where?)
  35. 你有訂閱任何雜誌嗎?哪本雜誌?你之前訂閱了什麼?
    (Do you subscribe to any magazines? Which ones? What have you subscribed to in the past?)
  36. 你有參加過什麼學校的表演嗎?你的角色是什麼?劇情的情節是什麼?當你在舞台上的時候有沒有發生任何好笑的事情呢?
    (Were you ever in a school play? What was your role? What was the plot of the play ? Did anything funny ever happen when you were on stage?)

— THE END —




如果你覺得這篇文章不錯,歡迎打賞 IOTA:RFHEIVXVIZWJFXTZORZZRCMHZF9PSGFUFWAAKXTFNZE9JQUY9HFQREJYYSPSXDRLECKXCAQQDOMSMYJYDKPCKWXBKD

或是點選下方圖片贊助我一杯咖啡:

Leave a reply:

Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.